Impact of immunization on epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sanjin Musa, Mirsada Mulaomerović

Abstract

Objective – The aim of this study is to summarize the epidemiology of vaccine preventable diseases in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1996 to 2015, and assess the impact of immunization.

Methods – The analyses presented in this paper are based on the data collected by the Institute for Public Health of the Federation Bosnia and Herzegovina or by reviews of historical data.

Results – Data suggests clear evidence of the reduction of burden of vaccine-preventable diseases after introduction of vaccines in the immunization program. Diphtheria and poliomyelitis have been eliminated, and tetanus and pertussis have been significantly reduced. Since the target of 95% vaccination coverage against measles, mumps and rubella was not achieved and the number of susceptible individuals’ increased, infectious agents still circulates and delayed outbreaks occur.

Conclusion – Despite impressive achievements in vaccine-preventable diseases control, continued trust and investments in the immunization program in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina are essential.

Keywords

Vaccine-preventable diseases; Immunization; Outbreaks

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