Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of children with measles hospitalized at the Department for infectious diseases in Tuzla during the 2014-2015 Measles epidemic

Rahima Jahić, Humera Porobić-Jahić, Denis Žepić

Abstract

Objective – The aim of this paper is to present the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of a measles outbreak in children age 0-18 years, who were hospitalized at the Clinic for Infectious Diseases of the University Clinical Center, Tuzla in the 2014/2015 period.

Patients and methods – The target population of this retrospective study were patients in the 0-18 year age group, who were hospitalized at the Clinic for Infectious Diseases during the measles outbreak in 2014/2015.

Results – At the Clinic for Infectious Diseases in Tuzla, 341 patients with the clinical characteristics of measles were hospitalized during the period of the measles outbreak in 2014/2015. Of all hospitalized patients 74.7% (255/341) belonged to the age group from 0 to 18 years. Most of hospitalized children, 146 (57.2%) of them, were in the age group from 0 to 6 years, next was the group of children aged 11 to 18 years, 69 (27.1%) of them, followed by the group of children aged from 6 to 10 years, 40 (15.7%) of them. Complications were present in 176 (69.02%) of the hospitalized children. Among the hospitalized children suffering from measles, 92.5% were unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated, or their vaccination status was unknown.

Conclusion – The youngest population is susceptible to a much higher risk of measles. To reduce the incidence of measles in children a high level of immunization is required.

Keywords

Measles; Outbreak; Children; Hospitalization

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.