The neonatal chest

Veronica Donoghue


The aim of this paper is to describe the most common medical and surgical chest conditions encountered in the premature and term infant, by neonatologists and neonatal surgeons working in a newborn intensive care unit. The paper also reflects the imaging findings as a result of the many advances in the medical treatments used in the treatment of these chest conditions. It also addresses the issues relating to the very premature infants less than 26 weeks gestation. Advances in antenatal imaging lead to antenatal diagnoses in many of the surgical conditions encountered, which allows better postnatal planning and understanding of many of these conditions.

Conclusion – Despite the many advances in imaging the Chest Radiograph still remains the primary source of information in the various chest abnormalities in these very sick infants.


Hyaline membrane disease; Meconium aspiration syndrome; Congenital pneumonia; Congenital pulmonary airway malformation; Congenital diaphragmatic hernia

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