The Ponseti Method Followed by Minimally Invasive Surgery as Method of Choice in Treatment of Congenital Talipes Equinovarus: Review Article

Sinisa Ducic, Mikan Lazovic, Vladimir Radlovic, Bojan Bukva


The objective of the study was to evaluate minimally invasive methods in treatment of congenital clubfoot. Congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), or clubfoot, is the most common congenital foot deformity, occurring in 1 to 2 in 1000 live births. CTEV etiology is not yet completely clear. Essentially, the deformity is the result of an intrauterine dislocation of the joints between the talus, calcaneus, navicular and cuboid bone and it includes four components: cavus, adductus, varus and equinus (CAVE). The diagnosis is made by a clinical examination and foot radiography. The treatment is based on the repositioning of the dislocated joints. There are different treatment modalities available, from conservative to exclusively surgical CTEV treatment. The Ponseti method is a primarily conservative treatment method using corrective long-leg casts, sometimes associated with minimal surgi­cal intervention - Achilles tenotomy, followed by the use of an abduction brace. If needed, less invasive surgery (“a la carte”) might be used to correct uncorrected components of CTEV. Based on the reports published from 2010 to 2020, as retrieved from databases (PubMed, Medline, Scopus), pertaining mostly to conservative treatment methods and primarily to the Ponseti method and based on the comparison between the Ponseti method and surgical methods of treatment, as well as other conserva­tive methods of treatment, it can be concluded that the Ponseti method is the method of choice for the treatment of congenital CTEV in children today.

Conclusion − The Ponseti treatment method, if used on time, fulfills all requirements that are expected from a contemporary medical procedure: simplicity in performance, minimally invasive, wide availability, cost effectiveness and successful treatment results.


Talipes equinovarus; Ponseti method; Children

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