Cat Scratch Disease in Children

Mirela Lisičić-Konaković, Aleksandra Šmitran


The aim of this paper is to provide information on the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatments of Bartonella henselae infection in children. Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonosis caused by Bartonela henselae. Cat fleas are responsible for spreading the bacterium among cats. Bacteria can be transmitted to humans from the site of a cat bite or scratch. The typical manifestation of CSD is regional lymphadenopathy with a pustule at the site of inoculation, usually self-limiting. Atypical CSD has a wide range of clinical manifestations (hepatosplenic disease, pulmonary infiltrates, encephalitis, skin or bone involvement, endocarditis), some of which are life-threatening. Atypical presentations mainly occur in immunocompromised children, but have also been described in immunocompetent children.

Conclusion − In recent years the number of households with a pet is growing and the number of children visiting a pediatrician with CSD is growing.


Cat Scratch Disease; Children; Bartonella Henselae Infection

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