Physical activity and health-promoting lifestyle of first and second year medical students

Tonći Mašina, Višnja Kraljić, Vera Musil


Objective - The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between physical activity intensity levels and health-promoting lifestyle among Croatian first and second year medical students.

Materials and methods - The cross sectional study was conducted on a sample of first and second year students (n=885). Data were collected by means of a self-administered anonymous questionnaire: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ - long form) and The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile [HPLP II] (Adult Version). Data were analysed by descriptive statistics and partial correlation analysis.

Results - Data analysis comprised 683 participants (63% female; response rate: 77%). The results revealed a total physical activity score of 2661 MET-min/week and a total median HPLP II score of 2.67. The total physical activity score (r=0.190), total walking (r=0.187) and total vigorous-intensity (r=0.241) sub scores were significantly positive correlated with the total HPLP II; total physical activity score (r=0.179; r=0.362), total walking (r=0.167; r=0.210) and total vigorous-intensity sub scores (r=0.177; r=0.5) with stress management and physical exercise, while total walking was correlated with health responsibility (r=0.133) and spiritual growth (r=0.187). A significant negative correlation was observed between total sitting and physical exercise (r=-0.172), and stress management (r=-0.136).

Conclusion - The results revealed a moderate level of physical activity and health-promoting life style. A low intensity level of physical activity was correlated with the health-promoting life style subscales - health responsibility and spiritual growth. The results could help physical education experts and health care providers to design health-promoting programs that support healthy options among students.


Physical activity ; Lifestyle ; Student health

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